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Standing in the supermarket or drugstore beauty aisle can be fun—or it can be overwhelming. It tends to fall into the latter category when you’re trying to pick out new skin care products, but you’re not sure which ones to choose because you’re not totally clear on what your skin type is and what will work best for your complexion. If you’ve ever wondered “what is my skin type?” you’re not alone—knowing your skin type is very important! This is because understanding your skin is the first step in knowing how to really care for it. For example, if you have dry skin, you’re going to want to follow a different routine than someone who has oily skin. So, what can you do to cut down on the confusion? It’s all about understanding what your skin type is, using products formulated for your specific skin type, and following a routine that’s tailored to your skin care concerns. Read on for everything you need to know.
Let’s start off with the basics: There are four main skin types, which are normal, oily, dry and combination. Figuring out which type your skin falls into means knowing the hallmarks of each one, so here they are.
Normal skin: Normal skin is just what it sounds like—normal! It means having skin that is neither excessively oily nor very prone to dryness. It’s the middle ground, and if you have normal skin, you should consider yourself very lucky!
Oily skin: Having oily skin means having a complexion that’s prone to greasiness and shine by mid-day. This is easy to spot since according to the American Academy of Dermatology (AAD), oily skin looks shiny.
Dry skin: In contrast to oily skin, dry skin types are constantly seeking moisture. According to the AAD, dry skin can look flakey and sometimes even feel itchy.
Combination skin: Combination skin is one skin type that can be tricky to manage. According to the AAD, those with combination skin may notice that their T-zone (which includes the forehead, nose, and chin) are oily, while their cheeks tend to be dry.
It’s typically agreed that the most common skin type is combination skin. When it comes to being oily or dry, for most people it isn’t all or nothing—they have some patches of dry skin and some areas of oily skin.
While skin conditions can change based on the seasons, your skin care routine, and various other factors, you can’t actually change your skin type. Your skin type refers to your skin’s natural state. If you only experience dry patches when you use a certain product, for example, you wouldn’t actually be classified as having a dry skin type. Of course, the fact that you can’t change your skin type isn’t to say you can’t manage it and achieve a balanced complexion. For example, oily skin types can be cared for in such a way that they aren’t overly oily.
Once you’ve determined which skin type you have, learn what type of skin care routine is best for your complexion’s needs.
If you have normal skin, congratulations! Your skin isn’t too oily or too dry.
Normal skin types can follow this motto: Stick to simple. A gentle cleanser should be enough to help keep your skin clean and healthy. The L’Oréal Paris Micellar Cleansing Water Complete Cleanser Waterproof – All Skin Types removes makeup (even waterproof mascara!) and dirt in just one step, making it a perfect pick. Saturate a cotton pad with the cleansing liquid and sweep it across your face until completely clean—no harsh rubbing or rinsing required.
Look for a moisturizer that’s specifically formulated for your skin type, like the L’Oréal Paris Revitalift Cicacream Face Moisturizer Pro Retinol & Centella Asiatica, a nourishing option that works all day to help refresh and hydrate skin while helping prevent visible signs of aging.
Even if the skin surrounding your eyes isn’t particularly dry, it doesn’t hurt to start using eye cream regularly, as the area around your eyes is often the first to show signs of aging. The L’Oréal Paris Eye Defense is a light, non-greasy gel cream that is specially formulated to defend against premature signs of aging around the eyes.
No matter your skin type, wearing broad-spectrum sunscreen—and taking other sun protection measures—is a must. Use a broad-spectrum sunscreen with an SPF value of 15 or higher daily, reapply every two hours (or immediately after swimming or sweating), cover up exposed areas, seek shade, and limit your amount of time in the sun, especially during the hours of 10 a.m. to 2 p.m., as recommended by the Food and Drug Administration.
Spotting an oily complexion is typically not difficult. In fact, if you have one, you probably already know. Here’s the best skin care routine for oil-prone skin types.
What’s better than cleansing your face once? Doing it twice! We’re talking about double cleansing, which just may be something you want to try if you have oily skin. Your first cleanse should help remove makeup and dirt from the surface of your skin, while your second cleanse should remove any remaining impurities. Start with a simple rinse-free option like the L’Oréal Paris Ideal Clean™ All Skin Types Makeup Removing Towelettes. Then, follow up with a rinse-off cleanser, like the L’Oréal Paris Pure-Clay Purify & Mattify Cleanser.
Dead skin cells and excess oils can build up on your skin, which can lead to your skin looking extra-oily. So, reach for an exfoliating scrub, like the L’Oréal Paris Pure-Sugar Purify & Unclog Kiwi Scrub, which gently exfoliates dull, dead skin cells from skin’s surface and removes traces of oil, dirt, and makeup. There’s no right or wrong answer as to how often you should exfoliate—some people can handle doing it every day, while others may only be able to do so once or twice a week. Pay attention to how your skin responds to determine what works best for you.
Just because you have oily skin doesn’t mean you can’t benefit from moisturizing. In fact, moisturizer should be part of every single skin care routine, no matter your skin type. You might think you can get away with skipping out on moisturizer if you have oily skin, but really, it’s all about finding one that’s right for your skin type. The L’Oréal Paris Hydra Genius Daily Liquid Care for Normal/Oily Skin is a lightweight, oil-free moisturizer that is formulated with aloe vera water and hyaluronic acid to help provide long-lasting hydration. Plus, it has a matte finish that's perfect for oily skin.
Similar to how everyone should use moisturizer, everyone can benefit from the use of an eye cream, too. The L'Oréal Paris Age Perfect Hydra Nutrition Manuka Honey Eye Gel is formulated to glide on smoothly for an immediate smoothing effect and cool, fresh finish.
Again, you shouldn’t skip out on broad-spectrum sunscreen—and taking other sun protection measures—if you have oily skin. Look for an oil-free, non-comedogenic formula, and remember to apply daily before going outside and reapply often—as well as limiting your time in the sun and covering up exposed areas.
Since dry skin types are prone to irritation, such as itchy and flaky skin, a hydrating skin care routine is key!
When your skin feels as dry as the desert, the last thing you likely want to do is wash your face. That’s why it’s important to pick a facial cleanser formulated for your skin type. The L’Oréal Paris Age Perfect Nourishing Cream Cleanser is formulated with replenishing oils to help cleanse skin without over-drying.
Dead skin cells and excess oils can build up on your skin, which can lead to your skin looking extra-oily. So, reach for an exfoliating scrub, like the L’Oréal Paris Pure-Sugar Nourish & Soften Cocoa Scrub, which gently exfoliates dull, dead skin cells from skin’s surface and removes traces of oil, dirt, and makeup. Remember, there’s no right or wrong answer as to how often you should exfoliate—some people can handle doing it every day, while others may only be able to do so once or twice a week. Pay attention to how your skin responds to determine what works best for you.
Now it’s time to find a moisturizer that’s formulated for dry skin! The L’Oréal Paris Hydra Genius Daily Liquid Care for Normal/Dry Skin and L’Oréal Paris Hydra Genius Daily Liquid Care for Extra Dry Skin are both formulated with aloe vera water and hyaluronic acid, enveloping skin with moisture. Smooth your moisturizer of choice over your face and neck.
If the rest of your face is dry, the skin around your eyes could be, too. This delicate, thin-skinned area is even more prone to dryness than the rest of your complexion. So, look for a hydrating eye cream, like the L'Oréal Paris Age Perfect Eye Renewal Eye Cream, which is formulated with precious oils for all-day hydration and comfort.
If you have dry skin, look for a moisturizing broad-spectrum sunscreen—apply it daily as the last step in your morning skin care routine, then make sure to take other sun protection measures, like limiting your sun exposure, seeking shade whenever possible, and throwing on sun protective accessories like a broad-brimmed hat and sunglasses.
Think you might have combination skin? Here’s what to do.
If you have combination skin that’s oily in some areas but dry in others, look for a face wash that works on all skin types, like the L’Oréal Paris Ideal Clean™ All Skin Types Foaming Gel Cleanser and cleanse morning and night.
Make things easy on yourself by applying a moisturizer formulated with broad-spectrum sunscreen, like the L’Oréal Paris Revitalift Bright Reveal Brightening Day Lotion SPF 30. Toss it in your tote so that you can reapply on the go—and be sure to limit your amount of time in the sun, especially during peak hours. It also never hurts to throw on a hat and sunglasses, too!
Just as with every other skin type we’ve covered so far, now’s the time to reach for an eye cream and dab it lightly onto your under-eye area.
Indulging in a face mask is one of the best ways to pamper your skin. If you have combination skin, try multi-masking—we’re talking about applying different masks to different areas of your face at the same time—to address your skin concerns. Take your pick of the L’Oréal Paris Pure-Clay Purify & Mattify Mask, L’Oréal Paris Pure-Clay Detox & Brighten Mask, L’Oréal Paris Pure-Clay Exfoliate & Refining Mask, L’Oréal Paris Pure-Clay Clear & Comfort Mask, and L’Oréal Paris Pure-Clay Clarify & Smooth Face Mask. Apply your mask(s) of choice to clean, dry skin, leave on for 10-15 minutes, then rinse off. Use the L’Oréal Paris Pure-Clay Purify & Mattify Mask, L’Oréal Paris Pure-Clay Detox & Brighten Mask, L’Oréal Paris Pure-Clay Exfoliate & Refining Mask, and L’Oréal Paris Pure-Clay Clarify & Smooth Face Mask three times a week for best results; use the L’Oréal Paris Pure-Clay Clear & Comfort Mask twice a week for best results.
Next: Your Daily, Weekly, and Monthly Skin Care Routine
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